In academic, historical, and archaeological circles, A. Dates are determined by a variety of processes, including chemical analyses (as in radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence), data correlation (as in dendrochronology), and a variety of other tests. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1.6 million years ago until 125,000 years ago.
- "Abbreviation for the term Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (or simply Anno Domini) which means ""in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ."" Years are counted from the traditionally recognized year of the birth of Jesus. E.)." Absolute Dating - Collective term for techniques that assign specific dates or date ranges, in calendar years, to artifacts and other archaeological finds.
It was characterized by large bifaces, particularly hand axes.
This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.
More flakes were knocked off from both sides of a stone and there is evidence that the maker had a preconceived notion of the tool's final form.
Aerial Reconnaissance - The technique of searching for sites and features, both cultural and natural, from the air, often using aerial photography or the human eye.
This is a good way to search for patterns or changes in soil color or plant density (possible indicators of buried features) that may not be visible to a person walking on the ground.
Agora - An open-air place of congregation in an ancient Greek city, generally the public square or marketplace, that served as a political, civic, religious, and commercial center.
Alidade - An optical surveyor's instrument used in the field to create topographic maps and top plans.
Today alidades are being replaced by Total Stations.
Alloy - A substance made by the mixture of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal.